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Count was subjected to a scathing examination by Mr . Edwin James , who elicited from him that he had been for some time past in the habit of making love to ladies , obtaining money from them , and then flying to fresh game . Among his temporary conquests was Mrs . Swinfen , the heroine of the great Swinfen v . Swinfen will case . From her he obtained 300 £ , as the price of returning her letters . The jury of course found for the plaintiff , and the . verdict was received with applause . [ M . Szulczewski has written , to the daily papers to deny that Woszkowskiis a Pole . ]
^ A working man named Ritchie has brought an action in the Court of Exchequer against a shopkeeper named Watkins , for an injury received by him . He was passing by the stop , when a boy employed by Watkins threw out at a dog an instrument shod with iron , called a ' long arm , ' which is used to pull down the windowblind over the shop front . It struck Ritchie on the ankle , and he was about to strike the boy , when , as he states , Mr . Watkins came into the shop , admitted that the iron had been thrown by his orders , and made an apology . The injury afterwards proved to be serious ,
and , what with medical attendance and leaving off work , Ritchie estimated his loss at 15 / . Watkins , however , repudiated all liability ; and therefore thi 3 action was brought . The boy , after some hesitation , was put into the witness-box by the plaintiff ' s counsel ; and he gave a very vague account of the matter . He could not say positively whether or not his master had ordered him to throw the implement . The jury found a verdict for the defendant , the Lord Chief Baron having expressed some doubt as to whether Mr . Watkins would be liable even if he had ordered the boy to throw the missile at the dog . - ; ¦ . - ¦¦' . ¦ ¦ ¦¦¦ ' . ' . ¦ . : ¦¦ ... ; ¦ ¦ ¦ : ;¦¦ ¦ .
Sir John Dodson , in the Prerogative Court on Tuesday , gave judgment in the case of a disputed will . The disputants were two brothers , and the question was of the ordinary kind—viz ., whether at the time the mother made the will she was in a proper state of mind for doing so . The elder brother contended that she was not , owing to her having had a convulsive fit , accompanied by paralysis ; but Sir John Dodson pronounced in favour of the document , and condemned the elder brother in 30 / ., nomine expensarum . An application was made in the Bankruptcy Court on Tuesday by the Unity Bank , for leave to prove against the separate estate of Octavius King . At the time the bond on the strength of which the application was made was given , Octavius King was not of age ; and Mr . Commissioner Evans was therefore of opinion that the proof could hot be admitted .
Several owners of supper-rooms in and near the Haymarket were summoned at the Marlborough-street , police-office on Tuesday for selling wine , beer , and spirits without a license . They were severally fined in the foil penalty of 50 J . Mr . John Doherty , " the bankrupt corn merchant , against whom a charge of forgery was preferred at the recent Liverpool assizes , came up on the question of certificate at the Liverpool Bankruptcy Court on Tuesday . Mr . Aspinall , who appeared for the assignees , objected to the certificate on several grounds , the chief of which
were that the bankrupt had traded with the grossest recklessness ; that he had made fraudulent preferences , principally to the Liverpool Borough Bank ; that he had practised frauds upon the bank itself ; and that upon the faith of a duplicate bill of lading he had obtained money fraudulently from Messrs . Bingham and Co ., corn mer-. chants , of Liverpool , the real bill of lading having previously been deposited by the bankrupt , and advanced upon , by a Mr . Hubback . Doherty refused to answer several questions , on the ground that he should criminate himself ; but enough was elicited to place him in an awkward position .
A petition was presented in the Court of Bankruptcy on Tuesday for a winding-up order against the West Ham Distillery Company . The 4 th of January was fixed for hearing the case , and Mr . Whitmore was appointed receiver . The last sitting of the Prerogative Court took place on Tuesday , when its existence came to a termination after lasting about five centuries . The Lord Chancellor on Tuesday gave judgment on an appeal from Vice-Chancellor Stuart ' s judgment in the case of Robson tvthe . lSarlof Devon and others . The plaintiff is a stockbroker , and he filed the bill in the present suit against the Earl of Devon and the other members of a committee of management of a company which started in 1852
was , called the Melbourne Gold and General Mining Association , a Mr . Moore , the promoter of the company , and Mr . Tripp , a broker , to recover payment of a loan of 500 ? . advanced to the company , and also the value of certain shares of the company which ho took , as he alleges , through the false and fraudulent representations of certain persons who were agents of the directors . Tho Vice-Chancellor dismissed the plaintiff ' s bill , with costs ; and tho Lord Chancellor now confirmed that judgment , except as regards Moore and Tripp , and added to it that it was made without prejudice to tho right of Robson to bring an action . The costs of the appeal could not be allowed . The Lords Justices concurred . In tho case of an insolvent debtor of the name of Kolljr , a charge was made against Mr . Giles , an
attorney , of Basing-liall-street , and Mr . Drew , his clerk , that they had overcharged the insolvent on undertaking to transact his business . > The Chief Commissioner , having heard the statements on both sides , said it was clear that there had been an overcharge of 7 £ , and added that Messrs . Giles and Drew would not in future be allowed to interfere in the business of the court . James Charles Johns , a bill-broker and commission agent of Duchess-street , Portland-place , was examined in the Bankruptcy Court on Wednesday . Among the debtors to his estate are—S . W . Stevenson , late of the
Carabiniers , 450 J . ; Captain Presant , 267 / . ; Mr . Paxton , son of Sir Joseph Paxton , 463 / . Johns is a horseracing man ; has been concerned in a great many bill transactions and other discreditable matters ; and was mixed up with the case of Mr . Stevenson and Mr . Chichester which came some time back before the Kingston Assizes . The bankrupt stated that from 1838 to the present time the debts of which he had been relieved by that court and the Insolvent Debtors'Court amounted to at least 14 , 000 / . The Commissioner said it was a scandalous case ; there were no assets . An adjournment sine die was ordered .
The Court of Queen ' s Bench lias been occupied for several days during the present week with a trial arising out of that constantly reappearing case of alleged adultery between Mr . Robinson and Mrs . Evans . Mr . Robinson having on a former occasion sworn that he never had any criminal connexion with Mrs . Evans , he was now indicted for perjury ; but the jury were unable to agree as to their verdict and were discharged . The case must therefore be tried again . Some disgust has been excited at Mrs . Evans herself being put in the witness-box by the prosecution . She of course denied the guilt imputed to her .
An action was brought in the Court of Queen's Bench last Saturday , by a Mr . Henry Brown , against a surgeon living in Judd-street , St . Pancras , who had some months ago accepted a bill of exchange for 42 / . 7 s . 3 d ., of which Mr . Brown was the second endorser , but which was not paid when it came due . About the middle of last May , a man named Bradley , a builder , called upon Mr . Hopton ( the defendant ) , who was in the habit of attending Bradley ' s family , and asked him to accept a bill for his accommodation . Mr . Hopton acceded to this request ; but some time afterwards Mr . Brown called upon him , and inquired if the acceptance was his , and he told him that it was , but was merely an accommodation bill Mr . Brown , who professed to be a bill-discounter , on
hearing this , advised Mr . Hopton to be cautious , as Bradley was not worth a farthing . At a subsequent period , Mr . Brown proposed that Hopton should pay him ( Brown ) 3 / . 10 s . for the expenses he had been put to , and he would then give up the bill entirely . As , however , thi 9 appeared to Mr . Hopton like extortion , he would not consent to it . In October , Mr . Brown called again about the bill , and on the 15 th of that month Mr . Hopton informed him that he had seen Bradley , who repudiated what he had told him , and , further , that Bradley had received no consideration for his endorsement . Shortly after this , Mr . Brown wrote to Mr . Hopton , saying that , if he would give him a written statement to the effect that Bradley had fraudulently obtained the bill from the acceptor , and would paj' his expenses , and likewise indemnify him against any proceedings Bradley might take , he would give up the bill .
Bradley , however , declared that he never received any money from the plaintiff , to whom he had made repeated requests to return him his bill , which he refused to do unless he were paid a certain sum . Bradley , therefore , raised 100 / . upon some goods from a pawnbroker , which he handed over to Mr . Brown , and at the same time paid him 4 / . 10 s . for his trouble . He afterwards sold him the pawn-tickets for 40 / ., for which sum Bradley gave him a receipt , as Mr . Brown said that he could get the money from another person ; but it was never paid . A counter-statement , den 3 ing several of these assertions , was made by the plaintiff , who said he discounted the bill for Bradley on the 29 th of last May , and that Bradley gave him a receipt for the money , which , together with several others , had previously been shown to the court . After a brief deliberation , the jury returned a verdict in favour of the defendant .
Another case involving accommodation bill transactions came before the Bankruptcy Court on Thursday . Charles Warwick , the defendant , a fancy dress warehouseman , appears to have been a good deal mixed up with these matters , and , being asked by the Commissioner why he had entered upon them , he replied , " I wanted money to carry on my business . " An adjournment has been ordered , as there is some doubt as to whether the bankrupt has not misappropriated goods to the amount of CO 00 / .
ARMY REFORM . Tub Commander-in-Chief has issued an important document touching the education of Staff officers . It is thus summarized in the Daily News : — " The Duke ha 3 decreed that tho Senior Department at Sandhurst is to be converted into a Staff College . This college is to bo open to all arms of the service . There are to bo at first thirty students , twenty-fivo from the Cavalry and Infantry and ftvo from tho Artillery
and Engineers . These thirty officers will thus be th . e elite of the whole British army . They will be thoie officers of three years standing who can prove their right to admission into the Staff College by a compel tive examination . It matters not whether an officer be at home or abroad . If he can procure the sanction of his commanding officer—and that sanction cannot be refused except on grounds distinctly stated—he may enter into competition . The list of competitors being fixed , out of all officers who have served three years these select men will be examined either in London or by printed papers before a special board on foreign stations . The subjects absolutely essential in this trial
for entrance into the Staff College are mathematics military history and geography , and French . The rest are optional . The examination will be conducted by the Military Council of Education . The successful candidates will then enter the Staff College , where they will remain two years . During that time they will devote themselves chiefly to the study of mathematics ; Freneh , fortification , and gunnery , reconnoissance , military drawing , military history , military geography , and military administration . Besides monthly reports of the progress of each officer to the Council of Military Education , there will be half-yearly examinations . The winter examination will be conducted by gentlemen independent of the establishment . Officers are not to contribute a
farthing towards their education at the Staff College , and therefore the authorities are bound to see that they come there for the purpose of serious study . Accordingly , it is specially provided'that if any officer in the establishment shows either idleness or inferior capacity , he may be removed at any period of his two years * career . Moreover , in order to open the door to Staff officers as widely as possible , it is provided that an officer may apply for admission for one year instead of two ; but to obtain this privilege , lie must show himself equal in attainments to those who have already passed one year at Sandhurst . In addition to this , even at the final examination at the close of the second year , any officer in the army is to be allowed to submit himself to the examiners , and , if he
cart prove himself superior to those who have passed through the college , he is to be entitled to his place on . the Staff " , just as if he had resided there . The final examinations—the first of which will take place in December , 1858— -will be held once a year , and the Council of Military Education will submit to the Commander-in-Chief the list of successful candidates in all the classes , with a special Teport of those who have most distinguished themselves . After the 1 st of January , 1860 , those officers , and those officers alone , who have obtained the certificate of the Military Council of Education , will be entitled to hold Staff appointments . There are ,
indeed , two exceptions . The first is the case of officers of proved ability in the field ; the second is that of officers who , on the 1 st of January , 1860 , shall have attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel . The candidates for Staff appointments , after having satisfied the Sandhurst examiners , have still a further course of education to pass through . The officer who came to college from the infantry is to be attached to each of the arms in which he has not served . He must make himself acquainted with the discipline , the interior economy , the field movements , and the duties of these arms . The same thing must be done by the cavalry officer , the engineer officer , and the artillery officer . "
NAVAL AND MILITARY . Lord Palmerston's Mortar . —The 36-inch mortar lesigned by Lord Palmerston was again subjected to a trial at the close of last week , and again showed signs of defective construction . Iron Gunboats . —Messrs . Rennie and Sons have completed three 6 f a number of small high-pressure iron . gun-boats ordered by the East India Company for riv « r service in the East . The Reinforcements for India . —The European and American Steam ¦ Nav igation Company ' s ship Argo , Captain Benson , left Spithead last Saturday for India with detachments of troops to the number of nearly nine hundred .
A Bnia Destroyed by Fire . —The Sardinian brig Porto Maurizio , Captain Busulino , one hundred and seventy-eight tons , of and for Genoa from Newcastle , with a cargo of gas coals , suddenly took fire on Sunday morning at about two o ' clock , -whilst riding before two anchors in Yarmouth Itoads , where she had brought up some days previously for safety . All efforts to subdue the flames were fruitless . The Lash Again . —A gunner belonging to the 2 nd Battalion of the ltoyal Artillery was flogged on Monday morning at Woolwich for stealing a sovereign . After being discharged from the intirmary , the man will be imprisoned for oighty-four days . Seventeen artillerymen arc now awaiting trial at Woolwich .
DlSTKIiSBKD WlVKS AND FaMIMKS OF bOLOIEKS . — Colonel l'liipps has stated , in answer to certain memorialists of tho Queen , that her Majesty can do nothing in aid of the distressed wivea and families of the . soldiers sent on active service in India , and who have been quartered near Woolwich , Flumstead , &c . The same sufferings have been equally borne by the families of other soldiers , and her Majesty cannot make an exception in
1232 THE , LE APE R . ___ [ Nq . _ 405 December 26 , 1857 .
Leader (1850-1860), Dec. 26, 1857, page 1232, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse2.kdl.kcl.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2223/page/8/